Sexual Addiction and Compulsivity research – bibliography

SASH List of Research Resources

Articles are listed in chronological order, oldest to newest.

The majority of the links provided open to an abstract of the paper, though some provide access to the full article. This depends on the availability, or not, of open source versions of the publication.

Studies are grouped into four themes to make them easier to navigate:

A. Neuroscience studies on Internet pornography users and those with Compulsive Sexual Behaviors

B. Literature reviews on Internet pornography addiction and Compulsive Sexual Behaviors

C. Studies reporting relationships between porn use or sex addiction and sexual dysfunctions, low libido, and decreased arousal to sexual stimuli

D. Studies reporting relationships between porn use and less sexual or relationship satisfaction

A. Neuroscience studies on Internet pornography users and those with Compulsive Sexual Behaviors

  1. Preliminary investigation of the impulsive and neuroanatomical characteristics of compulsive sexual behavior (2009)
  2. Watching Pornographic Pictures on the Internet: Role of Sexual Arousal Ratings and Psychological-Psychiatric Symptoms for Using Internet Sex Sites Excessively (2011)
  3. Pornographic picture processing interferes with working memory performance (2013)
  4. Sexual Picture Processing Interferes with Decision-Making Under Ambiguity (2013)
  5. Cybersex addiction: Experienced sexual arousal when watching pornography and not real-life sexual contacts makes the difference (2013)
  6. Empirical Evidence and Theoretical Considerations on Factors Contributing to Cybersex Addiction From a Cognitive-Behavioral View (2014)
  7. Brain Structure and Functional Connectivity Associated With Pornography Consumption: The Brain on Porn (2014)
  8. Neural Correlates of Sexual Cue Reactivity in Individuals with and without Compulsive Sexual Behaviours (2014)
  9. Enhanced Attentional Bias towards Sexually Explicit Cues in Individuals with and without Compulsive Sexual Behaviours (2014)
  10. Cybersex addiction in heterosexual female users of internet pornography can be explained by gratification hypothesis (2014)
  11. Implicit associations in cybersex addiction: Adaption of an Implicit Association Test with pornographic pictures. (2015)
  12. Novelty, Conditioning and Attentional Bias to Sexual Rewards (2015)
  13. Neural Substrates of Sexual Desire in Individuals with Problematic Hypersexual Behavior (2015)
  14. HPA axis dysregulation in men with hypersexual disorder (2015)
  15. Symptoms of cybersex addiction can be linked to both approaching and avoiding pornographic stimuli: results from an analog sample of regular cybersex users (2015)
  16. Getting stuck with pornography? Overuse or neglect of cybersex cues in a multitasking situation is related to symptoms of cybersex addiction (2015)
  17. Trading Later Rewards for Current Pleasure: Pornography Consumption and Delay Discounting (2015)
  18. Sexual Excitability and Dysfunctional Coping Determine Cybersex Addiction in Homosexual Males (2015)
  19. Subjective Craving for Pornography and Associative Learning Predict Tendencies Towards Cybersex Addiction in a Sample of Regular Cybersex Users (2016)
  20. Exploring the Relationship between Sexual Compulsivity and Attentional Bias to Sex- Related Words in a Cohort of Sexually Active Individuals (2016)
  21. Critique of Modulation of Late Positive Potentials by Sexual Images in Problem Users and Controls Inconsistent with “Porn Addiction” (2016)
  22. Altered Appetitive Conditioning and Neural Connectivity in Subjects With Compulsive Sexual Behavior (2016)
  23. The Role of Neuroinflammation in the Pathophysiology of Hypersexual Disorder (2016)
  24. Compulsivity across the pathological misuse of drug and non-drug rewards (2016)
  25. Compulsive sexual behavior: Prefrontal and limbic volume and interactions (2016)
  26. Ventral striatum activity when watching preferred pornographic pictures is correlated with symptoms of Internet pornography addiction (2016) 
  27. Problematic sexual behavior in young adults: Associations across clinical, behavioral, and neurocognitive variables (2016)
  28. Mood changes after watching pornography on the Internet are linked to symptoms of Internet-pornography-viewing disorder (2016)
  29. Can Pornography be Addictive? An fMRI Study of Men Seeking Treatment for Problematic Pornography Use (2017)
  30. Executive Functioning of Sexually Compulsive and Non-Sexually Compulsive Men Before and After Watching an Erotic Video (2017)
  31. Methylation of HPA Axis Related Genes in Men With Hypersexual Disorder (2017)

B. Literature reviews on Internet pornography addiction and Compulsive Sexual Behaviors

  1. Sex Addiction as a Disease: Evidence for Assessment, Diagnosis, and Response to Critics (2015)
  2. Neuroscience of Internet Pornography Addiction: A Review and Update (2015)
  3. Cybersex Addiction (2015)
  4. Neurobiology of Compulsive Sexual Behavior: Emerging Science (2016)
  5. Should compulsive sexual behavior be considered an addiction? (2016)
  6. Compulsive Sexual Behaviour as a Behavioural Addiction: The Impact of the Internet and Other Issues (2016)
  7. Neurobiological Basis of Hypersexuality (2016)
  8. Searching for clarity in muddy water: future considerations for classifying compulsive sexual behavior as an addiction (2016)
  9. Is Internet Pornography Causing Sexual Dysfunctions? A Review with Clinical Reports (2016)
  10. Integrating psychological and neurobiological considerations regarding the development and maintenance of specific Internet-use disorders: An Interaction of Person-Affect- Cognition-Execution model (2016)
  11. Sexual Addiction chapter from Neurobiology of Addictions, Oxford Press (2016)
  12. Neuroscientific Approaches to Online Pornography Addiction (2017)

C. Studies reporting relationships between porn use or sex addiction and sexual dysfunctions, low libido, and decreased arousal to sexual stimuli

  1. The Dual Control Model – The Role Of Sexual Inhibition & Excitation In Sexual Arousal And Behavior (2007)
  2. Use of pornography in a random sample of Norwegian heterosexual couples (2009)
  3. Unusual masturbatory practice as an etiological factor in the diagnosis and treatment of sexual dysfunction in young men (2014)
  4. Neural Correlates of Sexual Cue Reactivity in Individuals with and without Compulsive Sexual Behaviours (2014)
  5. Brain Structure and Functional Connectivity Associated With Pornography Consumption: The Brain on Porn (2014)
  6. Adolescents and web porn: a new era of sexuality (2015)
  7. Patient Characteristics by Type of Hypersexuality Referral: A Quantitative Chart Review of 115 Consecutive Male Cases (2015)
  8. Men’s Sexual Life and Repeated Exposure to Pornography. A New Issue? (2015)
  9. Erectile Dysfunction, Boredom, and Hypersexuality among Coupled Men from Two European Countries (2015)
  10. Masturbation and Pornography Use Among Coupled Heterosexual Men With Decreased Sexual Desire: How Many Roles of Masturbation? (2015)
  11. (Critique of) Modulation of Late Positive Potentials by Sexual Images in Problem Users and Controls Inconsistent with “Porn Addiction” (2015)
  12. Is Internet Pornography Causing Sexual Dysfunctions? A Review with Clinical Reports (2016)
  13. Male masturbation habits and sexual dysfunctions (2016)
  14. The effects of sexually explicit material use on romantic relationship dynamics (2016)
  15. Altered Appetitive Conditioning and Neural Connectivity in Subjects With Compulsive Sexual Behavior (2016)
  16. Online sexual activities: An exploratory study of problematic and non-problematic usage patterns in a sample of men (2016)

D. Studies reporting relationships between porn use and less sexual or relationship satisfaction

  1. Pornography’s Impact on Sexual Satisfaction (1988)
  2. Effects of Prolonged Consumption of Pornography on Family Values (1988)
  3. Influence of popular erotica on judgments of strangers and mates (1989)
  4. Men’s leisure and women’s lives: The impact of pornography on women (1999)
  5. Adult Social Bonds and Use of Internet Pornography (2004)
  6. Sex in America Online: An Exploration of Sex, Marital Status, and Sexual Identity in Internet Sex Seeking and Its Impacts (2008)
  7. Adolescents’ Exposure to Sexually Explicit Internet Material and Sexual Satisfaction: A Longitudinal Study (2009)
  8. Wives’ Experience of Husbands’ Pornography Use and Concomitant Deception as an Attachment Threat in the Adult Pair-Bond Relationship (2009)
  9. Sexual media use and relational satisfaction in heterosexual couples (2010)
  10. Exploring actor and partner correlates of sexual satisfaction among married couples (2010)
  11. Pornography sexual socialization and satisfaction among young men (2010)
  12. Sexual media use and relational satisfaction in heterosexual couples (2011)
  13. Viewing Sexually-Explicit Materials Alone or Together: Associations with Relationship Quality (2011)
  14. Individuals who never viewed SEM reported higher relationship quality on all indices than those who viewed SEM alone (2011)
  15. Associations between young adults’ use of sexually explicit materials and their sexual preferences, behaviors, and satisfaction (2011)
  16. A Love That Doesn’t Last: Pornography Consumption and Weakened Commitment to One’s Romantic Partner (2012)
  17. Young Adult Women’s Reports of Their Male Romantic Partner’s Pornography Use as a Correlate of Their Self-Esteem, Relationship Quality, and Sexual Satisfaction (2012)
  18. Pornography use: who uses it and how it is associated with couple outcomes (2013)
  19. Internet Pornography Exposure and Women’s Attitude Towards Extramarital Sex: An Exploratory Study (2013)
  20. Pornography and Marriage (2014)
  21. Psychological, Relational, and Sexual Correlates of Pornography Use on Young Adult Heterosexual Men in Romantic Relationships (2014)
  22. Associations between relational sexual behaviour, pornography use, and pornography acceptance among US college students (2014)
  23. Korean Men’s Pornography use, Their Interest in Extreme Pornography, and Dyadic Sexual Relationships (2014)
  24. Pornography and the Male Sexual Script: An Analysis of Consumption and Sexual Relations (2014)
  25. More than a dalliance? Pornography consumption and extramarital sex attitudes among married U.S. adults (2014)
  26. Factors Predicting Cybersex Use and Difficulties in Forming Intimate Relationships among Male and Female Users of Cybersex (2015)
  27. Male Partners’ Perceived Pornography Use and Women’s Relational and Psychological Health: The Roles of Trust, Attitudes, and Investment (2015)
  28. Relationship of love and marital satisfaction with pornography among married university students in Birjand, Iran (2015)
  29. Does Viewing Pornography Reduce Marital Quality Over Time? Evidence from Longitudinal Data (2016)
  30. A Common-Fate Analysis of Pornography Acceptance, Use, and Sexual Satisfaction Among Heterosexual Married Couples (2016)
  31. Differences in Pornography Use Among Couples: Associations with Satisfaction, Stability, and Relationship Processes (2016)
  32. From Bad to Worse? Pornography Consumption, Spousal Religiosity, Gender, and Marital Quality (2016)
  33. Sexually explicit media use and relationship satisfaction a moderating role of emotional intimacy? (2016)
  34. Effect of soft core pornography on female sexuality (2016)
  35. Internet Pornography Consumption and Relationship Commitment of Filipino Married Individuals (2016)
  36. Till Porn Do Us Part? Longitudinal Effects of Pornography Use on Divorce, (2016)
  37. Perceptions of relationship satisfaction and addictive behavior: Comparing pornography and marijuana use (2016)
  38. The effects of sexually explicit material use on romantic relationship dynamics (2016)
  39. Cyberpornography: Time Use, Perceived Addiction, Sexual Functioning, and Sexual Satisfaction (2016)
  40. Relationship quality predicts online sexual activities among Chinese heterosexual men and women in committed relationships (2016)
  41. The Development of the Problematic Pornography Consumption Scale (PPCS) (2017)
  42. The Role of Internet Pornography Use and Cyber Infidelity in the Associations between Personality, Attachment, and Couple and Sexual Satisfaction (2017)
  43. Explicit Sexual Movie Viewing in the United States According to Selected Marriage and Lifestyle, Work and Financial, Religion and Political Factors (2017)
  44. Pornography Consumption and Satisfaction: A Meta-Analysis (2017)

Sexual Addiction and Compulsivity research – bibliography

The Society for the Advancement of Sexual Health has compiled a select bibliography of articles related to problematic sexual behaviors.  While this is not a comprehensive list of all literature published on the topic, it contains many of the key articles found in the field of problematic sexual behaviors. We intend to continue adding to this list. This bibliography will be a good starting point for individuals interested in the professional literature on this topic.
Bibliography

Adams, K. M., & Robinson, D. W. (2001). Shame reduction, affect regulation, and sexual boundary development: Essential building blocks of sexual addiction. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity, 8(1), 23-44.

Banca, Paula, Laurel S. Morris, Simon Mitchell, Neil A. Harrison, Marc N. Potenza, and Valerie Voon. “Novelty, conditioning and attentional bias to sexual rewards.” Journal of psychiatric research 72 (2016): 91-101.

Bancroft, J. (2008). Sexual behavior that is “out of control”: A theoretical and conceptual approach. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 31(4), 593-601.

Bancroft, J., & Vukadinovic, Z. (2004). Sexual addiction, sexual compulsivity, sexual impulsivity, or what? toward a theoretical model. The Journal of Sex Research, 41(3), 225-234.

Blankenship, R., & Laaser, M. (2004). Sexual addiction and ADHD: Is there a connection? Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity, 11(1-2), 7-20.

Blum, K., Werner, T., Carnes, S., Carnes, P., Bowirrat, A., Giordano, J., . . . Gold, M. (2012a). Sex, drugs, and rock ‘n’roll: hypothesizing common mesolimbic activation as a function of reward gene polymorphisms. J Psychoactive Drugs, 44(1), 38-55.

Brand, M., Laier, C., Pawlikowski, M., Schachtle, U., Scholer, T., & Altstotter-Gleich, C. (2011). Watching pornographic pictures on the Internet: role of sexual arousal ratings and psychological-psychiatric symptoms for using Internet sex sites excessively. Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw, 14(6), 371-377. doi:10.1089/cyber.2010.0222

Brand, M., Young, K. S., & Laier, C. (2014). Prefrontal Control and Internet Addiction: A Theoretical Model and Review of Neuropsychological and Neuroimaging Findings. Front Hum Neurosci, 8, 375. doi:10.3389/fnhum.2014.00375

Briken, P., Habermann, N., Berner, W., & Hill, A. (2007). Diagnosis and treatment of sexual addiction: A survey among German sex therapists. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity, 14(2), 131-143.

Carnes, P. J., Green, B. A., Merlo, L. J., Polles, A., Carnes, S., & Gold, M. S. (2012). PATHOS: A brief screening application for assessing sexual addiction. Journal of Addiction Medicine, 6(1), 29-34.

Carnes, P., Green, B., & Carnes, S. (2010). The same yet different: Refocusing the sexual addiction screening test (SAST) to reflect orientation and gender. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity, 17(1), 30.

Carnes, P. J., Murray, R. E., & Charpentier, L. (2005). Bargains with chaos: Sex addicts and addiction interaction disorder. Sex Addict Compulsivity, 12(2-3), 79-120. doi:10.1080/10720160500201371

Cohen, J. E. (2008). Sexual sensation seeking and sexual compulsivity: Predicting high-risk sexual behavior among female university students. (Ph. D., University of Memphis).

Coleman, E., Raymond, N., & McBean, A. (2003). Assessment and treatment of compulsive sexual behaviour. Minnesota Medicine, 86, 42-47.

Cripps, E. M. (2004). Toward an empirical understanding of hypersexuality. University of Waterloo (Canada)).

Ferree, M. C. (2001). Females and sex addiction: Myths and diagnostic implications. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity, 8(3-4), 287-300.

Gardner, P. J., & Poole, J. M. (2009). One story at a time: Narrative therapy, older adults, & addiction. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 28(5), 600-620.

Gugliano, J. (2009). Describing and treating out-of-control sexual behavior. FOCUS, 24(1), 4.

Hagedorn, W. B., & Juhnke, G. A. (2005). Treating the sexually addicted client: Establishing a need for increased counselor awareness. Journal of Addictions & Offender Counseling, 25(2), 66-86.

Herring, B. (2001). Ethical guidelines in the treatment of compulsive sexual behaviour. Sexual Addiction and Compulsivity, 8(1), 13-22.

Herring, B. (2004). The next 20 years: The developmental challenges facing the field of compulsive sexual behavior. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity, 11(1-2), 35-42.

Hilton, D. L. (2013). Pornography addiction-a supranormal stimulus considered in the context of neuroplasticity. Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology, 3. doi:10.3402/snp.v3i0.20767

Hilton, D., Carnes, S., & Love, T. (2016). The Neurobiology of Behavioral Addictions: Sexual Addiction. In A. Swann, G. Moeller, & M. Lijffijt (Eds.), Neurobiology of Addictions (pp. 176-190). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Hilton Jr, D. L., & Watts, C. (2011). Pornography addiction: A neuroscience perspective. Surgical neurology international, 2.

Hook, J. N., Hook, J. P., Davis, D. E., Worthington, E. L., & Penberthy, J. K. (2010). Measuring sexual addiction and compulsivity: A critical review of instruments. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 36(3)

Hughes, B. (2010). Understanding sexual addiction in clinical practice. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 5, 915-919.

Kafka, M. P., & Hennen, J. (2002). A DSM-IV axis 1 comorbidity study of males (n =120) with paraphilias and paraphilia related disorders. Sex Abuse, 14, 349-366.

Kafka, M. (2010). “What is sexual addiction?” A response to Stephen Levine. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 36(3), 276-281. doi:10.1080/00926231003719707

Kraus, Shane W., Valerie Voon, and Marc N. Potenza. “Should compulsive sexual behavior be considered an addiction?.” Addiction (2016).

Kühn, S., and J. Gallinat. “Neurobiological Basis of Hypersexuality.” International Review of Neurobiology (2016).

Kühn, Simone, and Jürgen Gallinat. “Brain structure and functional connectivity associated with pornography consumption: the brain on porn.” JAMA psychiatry 71, no. 7 (2014): 827-834.

Laier, C., & Brand, M. (2014). Empirical evidence and theoretical considerations on factors contributing to cybersex addiction from a cognitive-behavioral view. Sex Addict Compulsivity, 21(4), 305-321.

Laier, C., Pawlikowski, M., Pekal, J., Schulte, F. P., & Brand, M. (2013). Cybersex addiction: Experienced sexual arousal when watching pornography and not real-life sexual contacts makes the difference. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 1-8.

Laier, C., Schulte, F. P., & Brand, M. (2013). Pornographic picture processing interferes with working memory performance. J Sex Res, 50(7), 642-652. doi:10.1080/00224499.2012.716873

Leedes, R. (2001). The three most important criteria in diagnosing sexual addictions: Obsession, obsession, and obsession. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity, 8(3-4), 215-226.

Levine, S. (2010). What is sexual addiction? Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 36(3), 261-275.

Love, Todd, Christian Laier, Matthias Brand, Linda Hatch, and Raju Hajela. “Neuroscience of Internet Pornography Addiction: A Review and Update.” Behavioral Sciences 5, no. 3 (2015): 388-433.

McBride, K. R. (2006). Measuring sexual compulsivity among young adults. (Ph. D., Indiana University).

Mechelmans, Daisy J., Michael Irvine, Paula Banca, Laura Porter, Simon Mitchell, Tom B. Mole, Tatyana R. Lapa, Neil A. Harrison, Marc N. Potenza, and Valerie Voon. “Enhanced attentional bias towards sexually explicit cues in individuals with and without compulsive sexual behaviours.” PloS one 9, no. 8 (2014): e105476.

Meerkerk, G.-J., Eijnden, R. J. V. D., & Garretsen, H. F. (2006). Predicting compulsive Internet use: it’s all about sex! CyberPsychology & Behavior, 9(1), 95-103. doi:10.1089/cpb.2006.9.95.

Negash, S., Sheppard, N. V., Lambert, N. M., & Fincham, F. D. (2015). Trading Later Rewards for Current Pleasure: Pornography Consumption and Delay Discounting. J Sex Res, 1-12. doi:10.1080/00224499.2015.1025123

Nied, A. C. (2006). Sexual addiction among women: Correlates and outcomes. (Ph. D., University of Nevada, Reno).

O’Donohue, G. B. (2004). Sex addiction, sexual compulsivity, and sexual impulsivity: A model for improving diagnosis and treatment of out-of-control sexual behaviors. (Ph. D., Fielding Graduate Institute).

Opitz, D. M. (2009). The relationship between women’s sexual addiction and family dynamics, depression and substance abuse. (Ph. D., Hofstra University).

Park, B. Y., Wilson, G., Berger, J., Christman, M., Reina, B., Bishop, F., … & Doan, A. P. (2016). Is Internet Pornography Causing Sexual Dysfunctions? A Review with Clinical Reports. Behavioral Sciences, 6(3), 17. doi: 10.3390/bs6030017

Phillips, Bonnie, Raju Hajela, and Donald L. Hilton JR. “Sex addiction as a disease: evidence for assessment, diagnosis, and response to critics.” Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity 22, no. 2 (2015): 167-192.

Purcell, A. B. (2011). A comparison of the online sexual behavior scores of persons with a sexual addiction, in comparison to persons wondering if they have a sexual addiction as measured by the online sexual addiction questionnaire (OSA-Q). (Ph. D., Duquesne University).

Ragan, P. W., & Martin, P. R. (2000). The psychobiology of sexual addiction. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity, 7(3), 161-175.

Raymond, N. C., Coleman, E., & Miner, M. H. (2003). Psychiatric comorbidity and compulsive/impulsive traits in compulsive sexual behavior. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 44, 370-380.

Reid, R. C. (2010). Investigating executive functions in men seeking help for hypersexual behavior using neuropsychological testing. (Ph. D., Brigham Young University).

Reid, R. C., Carpentera, B. N., & Lloyda, T. Q. (2009). Assessing psychological symptom patterns of patients seeking help for hypersexual behavior. Sexual & Relationship Therapy, 24(1), 47-63.

Reid, R. C., Li, D. S., Gilliland, R., Stein, J. A., & Fong, T. (2011). Reliability, validity, and psychometric development of the pornography consumption inventory in a sample of hypersexual men. J Sex Marital Ther, 37(5), 359-385. doi:10.1080/0092623X.2011.607047

Sbraga, T. P., & O’Donohue, W. T. (2003). The sexual addiction workbook: Proven strategies to help you rearing control of your life. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger Publications.

Schiebener, J., Laier, C., & Brand, M. (2015). Getting stuck with pornography? Overuse or neglect of cybersex cues in a multitasking situation is related to symptoms of cybersex addiction. J Behav Addict, 4(1), 14-21. doi:10.1556/JBA.4.2015.1.5

Schneider, J. P., & Irons, R. R. (2001). Assessment and treatment of addictive sexual disorders: Relevance for chemical dependency relapse. Substance Use & Misuse, 36, 1795-1820.

Schneider, J. P. (2004). Understanding and diagnosing sex addiction. In Handbook of addictive disorders: A practical guide to diagnosis and treatment (pp. 197-232). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Strenger, R. (2011). Comparison of the MMPI-2 and MMPI-2-RF personality profiles of sex addicts. (Ph. D., Alliant International University, San Diego).

Voon, Valerie, Thomas B. Mole, Paula Banca, Laura Porter, Laurel Morris, Simon Mitchell, Tatyana R. Lapa et al. “Neural correlates of sexual cue reactivity in individuals with and without compulsive sexual behaviours.” PloS one 9, no. 7 (2014): e102419.

Whitehead, M. L. (2007). Unmanageable desires: Toward a relational psychoanalytic approach to the conceptualization and treatment of compulsive sexual behavior. (Ph. D., Widener University, Institute for Graduate Clinical Psychology).

Wolfe, J. L. (2000). Assessment and treatment of compulsive sex/love behavior. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive Behavior Therapy, 18(4), 235-246.

Yadegar, F. (2006). Sexual addiction. (Ph. D., Pacifica Graduate Institute).

Young, K. S. (2008). Internet sex addiction risk factors, stages of development, and treatment. American Behavioral Scientist, 52(1), 21-37. doi:10.1177/0002764208321339

Zitzman, S. T., & Butler, M. H. (2005). Attachment, addiction, and recovery: Conjoint marital therapy for recovery from a sexual addiction. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity, 12, 311-337.

Zonana, H. (2011). Sexual disorders: New and expanded proposals for the DSM-5: Do we need them? Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law,39, 245-249.